Friday, December 13, 2019

# KTU Syllabus S1 S2 2019-20

(Latest Updated KTU S1 S2 Syllabus on 28/08/2018)

### KTU S1 S2 SEMESTER DETAILS

This is the first year of your college life and out of the first 8 college semesters, these 2 semesters are the most important semesters of your college. You are not only going to make new friends but going to learn a lot more new things that would be necessary for your career.

Also, do read our article on Everything you need to know about KTU System.

## KTU Textbooks & Notes

The textbooks prescribed by KTU aren’t always the best, hence we collect all textbooks on the internet based on our recent student’s experience and update it on our website.

Notes are most helpful when it comes to understanding Calculus and Physics on the go. Do check out our materials before writing exams.

## KTU S1 S2 Syllabus

You can download the KTU first year S1 S2 syllabus by subjects using the table provided beside.

We also do have the syllabus for each subject in the written text below. Don’t forge to bookmark the page for faster access.

## How hard is KTU Syllabus S1 S2?

This is the starting of the year for your college and KTU Syllabus S1 S2 is the simplest syllabus of all years, One of the best time to score a straight 10 CGPA.

### Examination POSTPONED! Nation wide strike & holidays coming immediately after the Christmas Vacation

KTU has postponed the examination for selected subjects due to the immediately proposed strikes in the nation. APJ...

### KTU Institutions will reopen on 3rd September 2018 after Onam vacation

Institutions will reopen on 3rd September 2018 after Onam vacation In order to ensure participation of students, faculty,...

### Grace Mark Awarded to KTU Students Participation in Rehabilitation Activities of Kerala Flood

This is a great news to KTU students who were actively working for saving Kerala from the...

### MODULE 2: Partial derivatives and its applications

Partial derivatives–Partial derivatives of functions of more than two variables – higher order partial derivatives – differentiability, differentials and local linearity –

The chain rule – Maxima and Minima of functions of two variables – extreme value theorem (without proof)-relative extrema.

### MODULE 3: Calculus of vector valued functions

Introduction to vector valued functions- parametric curves in 3-space

Limits and continuity – derivatives – tangent lines – derivative of dot and cross product- definite integrals of vector valued functions-

unit tangent-normal- velocity-acceleration and speed–Normal and tangential components of acceleration.

Directional derivatives and gradients-tangent planes and normal vectors

(For practice and submission as assignment only: Graphing parametric curves and surfaces using software packages )

### MODULE 4: Multiple integrals

Double integrals- Evaluation of double integrals – Double integrals in non-rectangular coordinates- reversing the order of integration-

Area calculated as a double integral-
Triple integrals(Cartesian coordinates only)- volume calculated as a triple integral- (applications of results only)

### MODULE 5: Topics in vector calculus

Vector and scalar fields- Gradient fields – conservative fields and potential functions – divergence and curl – the Δ operator – the

LaplacianΔ2, Line integrals – work as a line integral- independence of path-conservative vector field –

(For practice and submission as assignment only: graphical representation of vector fields using software packages)

### MODULE 6: Topics in vector calculus (continued)

Green’s Theorem (without proof- only for simply connected region in plane),surface integrals –Divergence Theorem (without proof for evaluating surface integrals), Stokes’ Theorem (without proof for evaluating line integrals)

(All the above theorems are to be taught in regions in the rectangular co ordinate system only)

## Calculus

### MODULE 1: Single Variable Calculus and Infinite series

Basic ideas of infinite series and convergence – .Geometric series- Harmonic series-Convergence tests-comparison, ratio, root tests (without proof). Alternating series- Leibnitz Test- Absolute convergence, Maclaurins series-Taylor series – radius of convergence.

(For practice and submission as assignment only:

Sketching, plotting and interpretation of hyperbolic functions using suitable software. Demonstration of convergence of series bysoftware packages)

## Engineering Physics

### MODULE 1

Harmonic Oscillations: Differential equation of damped harmonic oscillation, forced harmonic oscillation and their solutions- Resonance, Q-factor, sharpness of resonance – LCR circuit as an electrical analogue of Mechanical Oscillator (Qualitative)

Waves: One-dimensional wave – differential equation and solution. Three-dimensional waves – Differential equation & its solution (No derivation) Transverse vibrations of stretched string.

### MODULE 2

Interference: Coherence, Interference in thin films and wedge-shaped films (Reflected system) Newton’s rings-measurement of wavelength and refractive index of liquid Interference filters. Antireflection coating.

Diffraction Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction. Fraunhofer diffraction at a single slit. Plane transmission grating. Grating equation – measurement of wavelength. Rayleigh’s criterion for resolution of grating – Resolving power and dispersive power of grating.

### MODULE 3

Polarization of Light: Types of polarized light. Double refraction. Nicol Prism. Quarter-wave plate and half-wave plate. Production and detection of circularly and elliptically polarized light. Induced birefringence- Kerr Cell- Polaroid & applications.

Superconductivity: Superconuction phenomena, Meissner effect. Type -I and Type-II superconductors. BCS theory (qualitative). High-temperature superconductors – Application of superconductors.

### MODULE 4

Quantum Mechanics: Uncertainty principle and its applications – formulation of Tie dependent and Time independent Schrödinger equations – physical meaning of wave functions – Energy and momentum Operators – Eigen values and functions – One-dimentional infinite square well potential. Quantum mechanical Tunnelling (Qualitative)

Statistical Mechanics: Macrostate and Microstates. Phase space. Basic postulates of Maxwell- Boltzmann, Bose-Einstein and Fermi Dirac statistics. Distribution equations in the three cases (no derivation). Fermi level and its significance.

### MODULE 5

Acoustics: Intensity of sound – Loudness-Absorption coefficient- Reverberation and reverberation time – Significance of reverberation time – Sabine’s formula (no derivation) – Factors affecting acoustics of a building.

Ultrasonics: Production of ultrasonic waves – Magnetostriction effect and Piezoelectric effect – Magnetostriction oscillator and Piezoelectric oscillator – Detection of ultrasonics – Thermal and piezoelectric methods – Application of ultrasonics – NDT and medical

### MODULE 6

Laser: Properties of Lasers, absorption, spontaneous and stimulated emissions, Population inversion, Einstein’s coefficients, Working principle of laser, Optical resonant cavity. Ruby Laser, Helium-Neon Laser, Semiconduction Laser (qualitative). Applications of laser, holography (Recording and reconstruction)

Photonics: Basics of solid state lighting – LED – Photodetectors – photo voltaic cell, junction & avalanche photo diodes, photo transistors, thermal detectors, Solar cells – I-V characteristics – Optic fibre – Principle of propogation- numerical aperture- optic communication system (block diagram) – Industrial, medical and technological applications of optical fibre. Fibre optic sensors – Basics of Intensity modulated and phase modulated sensors.

## Engineering Chemistry

### MODULE 1

Spectroscopy: Introduction, Beer Lamberts Law (no derivations)(Numericals) UV-visible spectroscopy – Principle, Instrumentation and applications

IR spectroscopy – Principle and applications (Numaericals), H NMR spectroscopy – Principle, chemical shift – spin – spin splitting and applications including MRI(brief), Spectral Problems

### MODULE 2

Electrochemistry: Different types of electrodes (general) — SHE, Calomel electrode, Glass electrode and determination of Eo using SHE & Calomel electrode

Electrochemical series and its applications.(Numericals), Nernst equation – Derivation, application & numericals , Potentiometric titration – Acid-base and redox titration , Lithium ion cell and Fuel cell.

### MODULE 3

Instrumental Methods: Thermal analysis – Principle, instrumentation and applications of TGA and DTA. Chromatographic methods – Basic principles, column, TLC. Instrumentation and principles of GC and HPLC.
Conductivity – Measurement of conductivity.

### MODULE 4

Chemistry of Engineering Materials: Copolymers – BS, ABS – Structure and Properties.

Conducting Polymers – Polyaniline, Polypyrrole – Preparation, Structure and Properties. OLED — An introduction, Advanced Polymers — Kevlar, Polybutadiene rubber and silicone rubber: Preparation, Structure and Properties.

Nanomaterials — Definition, Classification, chemical methods of preparation – hydrolysis and reduction, Properties and Applications — Carbon Nano Tubes and fullerenes.

### MODULE 5

Fuels and Lubricants: Fuels – Calorific Value, HCV and LCV -Determination of calorific value of a solid and liquid fuel by Bomb calorimeter – Dulongs formula and Numericals. Liquid fuel – Petrol and Diesel – Octane number & Cetane number, Biodiesel – Natural gas.

Lubricant – Introduction, solid, semisolid and liquid lubricants.
Properties of lubricants – Viscosity Index, Flash point, Fire point, Cloud point, Pour point and Aniline point.

### MODULE 6

Water Technology: Types of hardness, Units of hardness, Estimation of Hardness — EDTA method. Numericals based on the above Water softening methods – Ion exchange process – Principle. Polymer ion exchange.

Reverse Osmosis – Disinfection method by chlorination and UV
Dissolved oxygen, BOD and COD.
Sewage water Treatment – Trickling Filter and UASB process.

## Engineering Mechanics

### MODULE 1

Statics: Fundamental concepts and laws of mechanics — Rigid body —Principle of transmissibility of forces

Coplanar force systems – Moment of a force — Principle of moments
Resultant of force and couple system
Equilibrium of rigid body — Free body diagram — Conditions of equilibrium in two dimensions — Two force and three force members.

### MODULE 2

Types of supports — Problems involving point loads and uniformly distributed loads only.
Force systems in space — Degrees of freedom — Free body diagram —Equations of equilibrium — Simple resultant and Equilibrium problems.

### MODULE 3

Properties of planar surfaces — Centroid and second moment of area (Derivations not required) – Parallel and perpendicular axis theorem — Centroid and Moment of Inertia of composite area.
Polar Moment of Inertia — Radius of gyration — Mass moment of inertia of cylinder and thin disc (No derivations required). Product of inertia — Principal Moment of Inertia (conceptual level). Theorems of Pappus and Guldinus.

### MODULE 4

Friction — Characteristics of dry friction — Problems involving friction of ladder, wedges and connected bodies.
Definition of work and virtual work — Principle of virtual work for a
system of connection bodies — Problems on determinate beams only.

### MODULE 5

Dynamics: Rectangular and Cylindrical co-ordinate system Combined motion of rotation and translation — Concept of instantaneous centre — Motion of connecting rod of piston and crank of a reciprocating pump.

Rectilinear translation — Newton’s second law — D’Alembert’s Principle — Application to connected bodies (Problems on motion of lift only).

### MODULE 6

Mechanical vibrations — Free and forced vibration – Degree of freedom. Simple harmonic motion — Spring-mass model — Period — Stiffness —Frequency — Simple numerical problems of single degree of freedom.

## Engineering Graphics

### MODULE 1:

Introduction to Engineering Graphics: Need for engineering drawing. Drawing instruments; BIS code of practice for general engineering drawing.

Orthographic projections of points and lines:-Projections of points in different quadrants; Projections of straight lines inclined to one of the reference planes, straight lines inclined to both the planes; True length and inclination of lines with reference planes; Traces of lines.

### MODULE 2:

Orthographic projections of solids:-Projections of simple solids* in simple positions, projections of solids with axis inclined to one of the reference planes and axis inclined to both the reference planes.

### MODULE 3:

Isometric Projections:-lsometric projections and views of plane figures simple* and truncated simple* solids in simple position including sphere and hemisphere and their combinations.

Freehand sketching: Freehand sketching of real objects, conversion of pictorial views into orthographic views and vice versa.

### MODULE 4:

Introduction to Computer Aided Drafting – familiarizing various coordinate systems and commands used in any standard drafting software – drawing of lines, circle, polygon, arc, ellipse, etc. Creating 2D drawings.

Transformations: move, copy, rotate, scale, mirror, offset and array, trim, extend, fillet, chamfer. Dimensioning and text editing. Exercises on basic drafting principles, to create technical drawings. Creation of orthographic views of simple solids from pictorial views. Creation of isometric views of simple solids from orthographic views. Solid modelling and sectioning of solids, extraction of 2D drawings from solid models. (For internal examination only, not for University Examination).

### MODULE 5:

Sections and developments of solids: – Sections of simple* solids in simple vertical positions with section plane inclined to one of the reference planes – True shapes of sections. Developments of surfaces of these solids.

### MODULE 6:

Intersection of surfaces: – Intersection of prism in prism and cylinder in cylinder – axis bisecting at right angles only. Perspective projections: – perspective projections of simple* solids.

## Introduction to Civil Engineering

### MODULE 1:

General Introduction to Civil Engineering – Relevance of Civil Engineering in the overall infrastructural development of the country. Types and classification of structures – buildings, towers, chimneys, bridges, dams, retaining walls, water tanks, silos, roads, railways, runways and pipelines (Brief description only)

Definition and types of buildings as per National Building Code of India (brief description only). Selection of site – Components of a building and their functions – Setting out of a building.

### MODULE 2:

Stones: Classification of stones – Qualities of good building stones – Quarrying – Dressing – Tests – Specifications – Uses of common building stones. Bricks: Composition of good brick earth – Classification – Qualities of good bricks – Field and laboratory tests – Specifications. Tiles: Classification – Manufacture – Properties – Tests – Specifications

### MODULE 3:

Cement: Basic Ingredients — Manufacturing process – Grades – Properties – Tests – Specifications. Aggregates: Fine and coarse aggregate – Properties – Uses – Tests. Cement Mortar: Types and preparation.

### MODULE 4:

Stone Masonry: Types – Details of Ashlar, Random Rubble, Coarse Rubble and Dry Rubble Masonry. Brick Masonry: Types – Bond – Introduction to all types of bonds – English bond in detail (l, 1 1/2 and 2 brick walls) – Comparison of stone and brick masonry.

### MODULE 5:

Timber: Properties – Uses – Classification – Seasoning – Defects – Preservation – Tests; Hard board and Particle board – Manufacture and use. Steel: Structural steel and steel as reinforcement – Types – Properties – Uses – Market forms.

### MODULE 6:

Floors and Flooring materials: Different types and selection of floors and floor coverings. Roofs and roof coverings: Different types of roofs – Suitability – Types and selection of roofing materials.

## Introduction to Mechanical Engineering

### MODULE 1:

Thermodynamics: Nature and scope of thermodynamics; Basic concepts ; Laws of thermodynamics- Discovery, Significance & Applications; Qualitative ideas on Entropy, Available energy, Irreversibility Principle of increase of entropy & Carnot engine; Limitations of Thermodynamics; Sources of power; history of power production; power production in the future.

### MODULE 2:

Thermal Engineering: Historical development of steam engine, steam turbines, gas turbinesand hydraulic turbines; Principle of turbomachinery; History of IC engines; two stroke and four stroke engines-working, applications; Air compressors- types and uses; Principles of Rocket propulsion, chemical rockets, Indian space programme

### MODULE 3:

Refrigeration & Air Conditioning: History & scope of refrigeration; applications of refrigeration; Food preservation, refrigerated storage; applications in chemical and process industries; special applications; Air conditioning- Principles & systems; scope of air conditioning; Psychrometric properties of air; Human comfort; comfort standards.

### MODULE 4:

Automobile & Aeronautical Engineering: Introduction to an Automobile; history of the automobile; Indian Automobiles; Types of automobiles; Major components and their functions; Manufacturers of motor vehicles in India; Fundamentals of aerodynamics; drag forge and lift force; jet engines types nd applications.

### MODULE 5:

Engineering Materials: Introduction and history of materials; Basic crystallography; metals, alloys, composites, ceramics, polymers; mechanical properties and testing of engineering materials.

### MODULE 6:

Methods of manufacturing; casting, forging, rolling, extrusion; machining operations — turning, milling, drilling, grinding, shaping, planing; Joining operations — soldering, brazing & welding; Introduction to CNC machines(elementary idea only); examples of typical products manufactured by above methods.

## Introduction to Electrical Engineering

### MODULE 1:

Fundamental Concepts of Circuit Elements and Circuit variables: Electromotive force, potential and voltage. Resistors, Capacitors Inductors- terminal V-I relations

Electromagnetic Induction: Faraday’s laws, Lenz’s law, statically and dynamically induced EMF, self and mutual inductance, coupling coefficient-energy stored in inductance Real and Ideal independent voltage and current sources, V-I relations. Passive sign convention Numerical Problems (Module l)

### MODULE 2:

Basic Circuit Laws: Kirchhoffs current and voltage laws, analysis of resistive circuits-mesh analysis —super mesh analysis Node analysis-super node analysis, star delta transformation Numerical problems (Module II)

### MODULE 3:

Magnetic Circuits: Magneto motive force, flux, reluctance, permeability -comparison of electric and magnetic circuits, analysis of series magnetic circuits Parallel magnetic circuits, magnetic circuits with air-gaps. Numerical problems (Module Ill)

### MODULE 4:

Alternating current fundamentals:-Generation of Alternating voltages-waveforms, Frequency, Period, RMS and average values, peak factor and form factor of periodic waveforms (pure sinusoidal) and composite waveforms.

Phasor Concepts, Complex representation (exponential, polar and rectangular forms) of sinusoidal voltages and currents phasor diagrams Complex impedance – series and parallel impedances and admittances, Phasor analysis of RL, RC, RLC circuits Numerical problems. (Module IV)

### MODULE 5:

Complex Power : Concept of Power factor: active , reactive and apparent power Resonance in series and parallel circuits Energy, bandwidth and quality factor, variation of impedance and admittance in series and parallel resonant circuits Numerical problems (Module V)

### MODULE 6:

Analysis of balanced and unbalanced star and delta connected loads Power in three-phase circuits. Active and Reactive power measurement by one, two, and three wattmeter methods Numerical problems (Module VI)

## Introduction to Electronics Engineering

### MODULE 1:

Evolution of Electronics, Impact of Electronics in industry and in society. Resistors, Capacitors: types, specifications. Standard values, marking, colour coding. Inductors and Transformers: types, specifications, Principle of working.

Electro mechanical components: relays and contactors.

### MODULE 2:

Diodes: Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, PN junction diode, barrier potential, V-I characteristics, Effect of temperature. Equivalent circuit of a diode. Piece wise linear model.

Specification parameters of diodes and numbering. Zener diode, Varactor diodes, characteristics, working principle of LED, photo diode, solar cell.

### MODULE 3:

Bipolar Junction Transistors: Structure, typical doping, Principle of operation, concept of different configurations. Detailed study of input and output characteristics of common base and common emitter configuration, current gain, comparison of three configurations.

Concept of load line and operating point. Need for biasing and stabilization, voltage divider biasing, Transistor as amplifier, switch, RC coupled amplifier and frequency response Specification parameters of transistors and type numbering

### MODULE 4:

Junction Field Effect Transistors: Structure, principle of operation, characteristics, comparison with BJT. MOSFET: Structure, principle of operation of Enhancement type MOSFET, Current voltage characteristics, Depletion-type MOSFET. Principle of operation of Photo transistor, UJT, SCR.

### MODULE 5:

Diode circuits and power supplies: Series and parallel diode circuits, Clippers, Clampers, Voltage multipliers Half-wave and full wave (including bridge) rectifiers, Derivation Of Vrms, Vdc, ripple factor, peak inverse voltage, rectification efficiency in each case, capacitor filter, working and deslgn of a simple zener voltage regulator. Block diagram description of a DC Power supply, Principle of SMPS

### MODULE 6:

Electronic Measurements and measuring Instruments. Generalized performance parameters of instruments: error, accuracy, sensitivity, precision and resolution.

Principle and block diagram of analog and digital multimeter, Block diagram of CRO, Measurements using CRO, Lissajous patterns, Principle and block diagram of DSO, function generator. Testing of Electronic components.

## Introduction to Computing and Problem Solving

### MODULE 1:

Introduction to digital computer — Vop Neumann concept — A simple model of computer, acquisition of data, storage of data, processing of data, output of processed data. Details of functional units of a computer. Storage — primary storage and secondary storage.

(The discussion should focus more on the functionalities of the units and their interaction than on specific hardware details. However, concepts like memory cells and their addressability (need not be binary), registers, inter- connections (buses) have to introduced at an abstract level. For storage devices —primary and secondary —, various categories have to be introduced along with their distinguishing features. For 1-0 devices also, various categories are to be introduced. The Von Neumann concept should be effectively introduced. History computers need not be taught. However, students have to be encouraged to read the relevant sections ofthe text book. Chapters 1 — 4 of ‘Goel ‘ may be used to support teaching -learning.)

Introduction to programming languages:- types of programming languages – high level language , assembly language and machine language, System software – Operating systems — objectives of operating systems, compiler, assembler and interpreter.

### MODULE 2:

Problem Solving strategies — Problem analysis — formal definition of problem — Solution — top- down design breaking a problem into sub problems- overview of the solution to the sub problems by writing step by step procedure (algorithm) – representation of procedure by flowchart – Implementation of algorithms — use of procedures to achieve modularity.

Examples for algorithms and flow charts – at least 10 problems (starting with non-numerical examples, and numeric problems like factorial, largest among three numbers, largest among N, Fibonacci etc.; to be introduced with progressive levels of difficulty) must be discussed in detail.

### MODULE 3:

Introduction to Python variables, expressions and statements, evaluation of expressions, precedence, string operations.

Control statements, Boolean expressions and logical operators, conditional and alternative executions

### MODULE 4:

Functions, calling functions, type conversion and coercion, composition of functions, mathematical functions, user-defined functions, parameters and arguments. (Note: – Chapter 3 of ‘Downey ‘ has to be covered. The instructor should demonstrate each aspect of the function with real examples and encourage students to develop their own. Chapter 6 (up to 6.3) of ‘Lambert ‘ can be used for detailed discussion and self-study.

### MODULE 5:

Strings and lists — string traversal and comparison with examples. (Note: – Chapter 7 of ‘Downey ‘ has to be covered. Section 4.1 of ‘Lambert ‘ can be used for detailed discussion and self-study.) List operations with examples (Note: – Chapter 8 of ‘Downey ‘ up to Section 8.6 has to be covered. Section 5.1 of ‘Lambert ‘ can be used for detailed discussion and self-study.); tuples and dictionaries — operations and examples

### MODULE 6:

Files and exceptions – text files, directories (Note: – Chapter 11 of ‘Downey ‘ has to be covered) Introduction to classes and objects – attributes, instances

## Introduction to Chemical Engineering

### MODULE 1:

Introduction to Chemical Engineering: history of Chemical Engineering, role of Chemical Engineering— a broad overview; chemical industries in India; introduction to Chemical Engineering profession; introduction to chemical plant operation; process development and process design.

### MODULE 2:

Basic concepts: units and dimensions, systems of units, conversion and conversion factors of units, concept of mole, weight percent, mole percent, normality, molarity, molality, vapor pressure, partial pressure, concept of ideal gas and equations of state.

### MODULE 3:

Overview of unit operations such as distillation, evaporation, absorption, adsorption, extraction, crystallization, drying, leaching, size separation and size reduction. Overview of unit processes like saponification, polymerization, biodiesel formation and hydrogenation.

### MODULE 4:

Modes of heat transfer-principles of conduction, convection and radiation, heat exchangers. Fluid flow- laminar and turbulent flow. Introduction to transportation of fluids.

Classification of chemical reactions, order of reaction, rate equation, Arrhenius equation, conversion and yield, batch reactor, mixed reactor and plug flow reactor.

### MODULE 5:

Block diagram, process flow diagram for DCDA process for Sulphuric acid manufacture, basic concepts of P&I diagram. Introduction to process instrumentation and control: common methodologies of measurements, measuring instruments: thermocouple, venturimeter, U-tube manometer, elements of feedback control loop, introduction to control of a distillation column.

### MODULE 6:

Introduction to safety in chemical process industries — basic concepts, Case study: Bhopal gas tragedy. Introduction to Environmental Engineering – basic concepts, Typical wastewater, air and solid waste management system.

Case study: Effect of Aerial Spraying of Endosulfan on Residents of Kasargod, Kerala. Challenges of Chemical Engineer —need for sustainable alternatives for processes; products with environment friendly life-cycle. Introduction to novel materials and their development.

## Introduction to Sustainable Engineering

### MODULE 1:

Sustainability – Introduction, Need and concept of sustainability, Social- environmental and economic sustainability concepts. Sustainable development, Nexus between Technology and Sustainable development, Challenges for Sustainable Development. Multilateral environmental agreements and Protocols – Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Environmental legislations in India – Water Act, Air Act. Students may be assigned to do at least one project eg: a) Identifying/assessment of sustainability in your neighbourhood in education, housing, water resources, energy resources, food supplies, land use, environmental protection etc. b) Identify the threats for sustainability in any selected area and explore solutions for the same

### MODULE 2:

Air Pollution, Effects of Air Pollution; Water pollution- sources, Sustainable wastewater treatment, Solid waste – sources, impacts of solid waste, Zero waste concept, 3 R concept. Global environmental issues- Resource degradation, Climate change, Global warming, Ozone layer depletion, Regional and Local Environmental Issues. Carbon credits and carbon trading, carbon foot print. Students may be assigned to do at least one project for eg: a) Assessing the pollution status of a small area b) Programmes for enhancing public environmental awareness c) Observe a pond nearby and think about the different measures that can be adopted for its conservation

### MODULE 3:

Environmental management standards, ISO 14000 series, Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) – Scope and Goal, Bio-mimicking, Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) – Procedures ofEIA in India. Students may be assigned to do at least one project eg: a) Conducting LCA of products (eg. Aluminium cans, PVC bottles, cars etc. or activities (Comparison of land filling and open burning) b) Conducting an EIA study of a small project (eg. Construction ofa building)

### MODULE 4:

Basic concepts of sustainable habitat, Green buildings, green materials for building construction, material selection for sustainable design, green building certification, Methods for increasing energy efficiency of buildings. Sustainable cities, Sustainable transport. Students may be assigned to do at least one project eg: a) Consider the design aspects of a sustainable building for your campus b) Explore the different methods that can be adopted for maintaining a sustainable transport system in your city.

### MODULE 5:

Energy sources: Basic concepts-Conventional and non-conventional, solar energy, Fuel cells, Wind energy, Small hydro plants, bio-fuels, Energy derived from oceans, Geothermal energy. Students may be assigned to do at least one project eg: a) Find out the energy savings that can be achieved by the installation of a solar water heater b) Conduct a feasibility study for the installation of wind mills in Kerala

### MODULE 6:

Green Engineering, Sustainable Urbanisation, industrialisation and poverty reduction; Social and technological change, Industrial Processes: Material selection, Pollution Prevention, Industrial Ecology, Industrial symbiosis. Students may be assigned to do a group project eg: a) Collect details for instances of climate change in your locality b) Find out the carbon credits you can gain by using a sustainable transport system (travelling in a cycle or car pooling from college to home) c) Have a debate on the topics like: Industrial Ecology is a Boon or Bane for Industries?/Are we scaring the people on Climate Change unnecessarily?rrechnology enables Development sustainable or the root cause of unsustainability?

## Basics of Civil Engineering

### MODULE 1:

General Introduction to Civil Engineering – Various disciplines of Civil engineering, Relevance of Civil engineering in the overall infrastructural development of the country. Introduction to types of buildings as per NBC; Selection of site for buildings. Components ofa residential building and their functions. Introduction to industrial buildings — office / factory / software development office / power house /electronic equipment service centre (any one related to the branch of study) Students have to visit one such building and submit an assignment about the features of any one of the listed building related to their branch (Not included for exam).

### MODULE 2:

Building planning – Introduction to planning of residential buildings- Site plan, Orientation of a building, Open space requirements, Position of doors and windows, Size of rooms; Preparation ofa scaled sketch of the plan of a single storeyed residential building in a given site plan.

Introduction to the various building area terms – Computation of plinth area / built up area, Floor area / carpet area – for a simple single storeyed building; Setting out ofa building.

### MODULE 3:

Surveying – Principles and objectives of surveying; Horizontal measurements — instruments used — tape, types of tapes;

Ranging (direct ranging only) — instruments used for ranging. Levelling – Definitions, principles, Instruments (brief discussion only) – Level field book – Reduction of levels – problems on levelling (height of collimation only). Modern surveying instruments — Electronic distance meter, digital level, total station, GPS (Brief discussion only).

### MODULE 4:

Building materials – Bricks, cement blocks – Properties and specifications.

Cement — OPC, properties, grades; other types of cement and its uses (in brief). Cement mortar — constituents, preparation. Concrete — PCC and RCC — grades. Steel – Use of steel in building construction, types and market forms.

### MODULE 5:

Building construction — Foundations; Bearing capacity of soil (definition only); Functions of foundations, Types – shallow and deep (sketches only). Brick masonry — header and stretcher bond, English bonds — Elevation and plan (one brick thick walls only).

Roofs — functions, types, roofing materials (brief discussion only). Floors — functions, types; flooring materials (brief discussion only). Decorative finishes — Plastering — Purpose, procedure. Paints and Painting — Purpose, types, preparation of surfaces for painting (brief discussion only).

### MODULE 6:

Basic infrastructure and services – Elevators, escalators, ramps, conditioning, sound proofing (Civil engineering aspects only) Towers, Chimneys, Water tanks (brief discussion only). Concept of intelligent buildings.

## Basics of Mechanical Engineering

### MODULE 1:

Thermodynamics: Laws of Thermodynamics, significance and Applications of thermodynamics, entropy, Ideal and real gas equations; Analysis of Carnot cycle, Otto cycle , Diesel cycle; Efficiency of these cycles.

### MODULE 2:

Energy conversion devices: Boilers, Steam turbines, Gas turbines; Working principle of two stroke and four stroke l.C.

Engines (SI and CI), Fuels, CRDI,MPFI,Hybrid Engines, Reciprocating pumps, centrifugal pumps and hydraulic turbines.(Elementary ideas only)

### MODULE 3:

Refrigeration and Air Conditioning: Vapour compression refrigeration systems, Heat Pump, COP, Study of household refrigerator, Energy Efficiency Rating, Psychrometry, Psychrometric processes, window air conditioner, split air conditioner. Refrigerants and their impact on environment.

### MODULE 4:

Automobiles and Power Transmission Devices, Different types of automobiles, types of power units in automobiles; major components and their functions ( brief description only); Belts and belt drives; Chain drive; Rope drive; Gears and gear trains; friction clutch (cone and single plate), brakes (types and applications only).

### MODULE 5:

Materials and manufacturing processes: Engineering materials, Classification, properties, Alloys and their Applications; Casting, Sheet metal forming, Sheet metal cutting, Forging, Rolling, Extrusion; Metal joining processes – soldering, brazing and welding; Powder metallurgy.(Elementary ideas only).

### MODULE 6:

Machine Tools (Basic elements, Working principle and types of operations), Lathe, Drilling Machine, Shaper, planer, slotter, Milling Machine, Grinding machine; Introduction to CNC machines.

## Basics of Electrical Engineering

### MODULE 1:

Elementary concepts of electric circuits: Kirchhoffs laws, constant voltage and current sources-Problems Formation of network equations by mesh current and node voltage methods-matrix representation-solution of network equations by matrix methods-problems star-delta conversion(resistive networks only-derivation is not needed)-problems

### MODULE 2:

Magnetic Circuits: MMF, field strength, flux density, reluctance(definition only)-comparison between electric and magnetic circuits Energy stored in magnetic circuits, magnetic circuits with air gap-Numerical problems on series magnetic circuits

Electromagnetic Induction: Faraday’s laws, lenz’s laws- statically induced and dynamically induced emfs-self inductance and mutual inductance, coefflcient of coupling (derivation not needed)

### MODULE 3:

Alternating Current fundamentals: Generation of alternating voltages-waveforms, frequency, period, average , RMS values and form factor of periodic waveform(pure sinusoidal)- Numerical Problems AC Circuits: Phasor representation of alternating quantities- rectangular and polar representation Analysis of simple AC circuits: concept of impedance, power and power factor in ac circuits-active, reactive and apparent power solution of RL,RC and RLC series circuits-Numerical problems

Three phase systems: Generation of three phase voltages- advantages of three phase systems, star and delta connection (balanced only), relation between line and phase voltages, line and phase currents three phase power measurement by two wattmeter method (derivation is not required) – Numerical problems

### MODULE 4:

Generation of power: Block schematic representation of generating stations- hydroelectric power plants Block schematic representation of Thermal and nuclear power plants Renewable energy sources: solar, wind, tidal and geothermal (Block diagram and working only- No Problems)

Power transmission: Typical electrical power transmission scheme-need for high voltage transmission-(Derivation is not needed, No Problems) Power Distribution: substation equipments, primary and secondary transmission and distribution systems- feeder, service mains

### MODULE 5:

Electric Machines: DC Generator and Motor-Construction- working principle- Back EMF Types of motor-shunt, series, compound (short and long)- principle of operation of dc motor; applications-numerical problems ( voltage -current relations only)

Transformer: Construction of single phase and three phase Transformers (core type only)-EMF equation and related numerical problems Losses and efficiency of transformer for full load —numerical problems (no equivalent circuit)

### MODULE 6:

AC Motors: Three phase induction motor-squirrel cage and slip ring induction motor Working principle-synchronous speed, slip and related numerical problems. (no equivalent circuit)

AC Motors: Construction, principles of operation of single phase induction motor (no equivalent circuit) Starting methods in single phase induction motors -split phase and capacitor start

## Basics of Electronics Engineering

### MODULE 1:

Evolution of Electronics, Impact of Electronics in industry and in society. Resistors, Capacitors: types, specifications. Standard values, marking, colour coding. Inductors and Transformers: types, specifications, Principle of working. Electro mechanical components: relays and contactors.

### MODULE 2:

PN Junction diode: Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, Principle of operation, V-I characteristics, principle of working of Zener diode, Photo diode, LED and Solar cell. Bipolar Junction Transistors: PNP and NPN structures, Principle of operation, input and output characteristics of common emitter configuration (npn only).

### MODULE 3:

Rectifiers and power supplies: Block diagram description of a dc power supply ,Halfwave and full wave (including bridge) rectifier, capacitor filter, working of simple zener voltage regulator. Amplifiers and Oscillators: Circuit diagram and working of common emitter amplifier, Block diagram of Public Address system, concepts of feedback, working principles of oscillators, circuit diagram & working of RC phase shift oscillator.

### MODULE 4:

Analogue Integrated circuits: Functional block diagram of operational amplifier, ideal operational amplifier, inverting and non-inverting Amplifier. Digital ICs: Logic Gates. Electronic Instrumentation: Principle and block diagram of digital multimeter, digital storage oscilloscope, and function generator.

### MODULE 5:

Radio communication: principle of AM & FM, frequency bands used for various communication systems, block diagram of super heterodyne receiver. Satellite communication: concept of geo- stationary Satellite system.

### MODULE 6:

Mobile communication: basic principles of cellular communications, concepts of cells, frequency reuse. Optical communication: block diagram of the optical communication system, principle of light transmission through fiber, advantages of optical communication systems. Entertainment Electronics Technology: Basic principles and block diagram of cable TV, CCTV, DTH system.

## Differential Equations

### MODULE 1:

HOMOGENEOUS DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS (Text Book 1 : Sections 1.7, 2.1, 2.2, 2.6, 3.2) Existence and uniqueness of solutions for initial value problems, Homogenous linear ODEs of second order. Homogenous linear ODEs with constant coefflcients, Existence and Uniqueness of solutions Wronskian, Homogenous linear ODEs with constant Coefficients (Higher Order) (For practice and submission as assignment only: Modelling of free oscillations of a mass spring system)

### MODULE 2:

The particular Integral (P.I.), Working rule for P.I. when g(x) is Xm , To find P.I. when g(x) = eax.V1(x), Working rule for P.I. when g(x) = x.V(x), Homogeneous Linear Equations, PI of Homogenous equations, Legendƌe’s Lineaƌ eƋuations, Method of variation of parameters for finding PIs

### MODULE 3:

FOURIER SERIES (Text Book 2 – Sections Periodic functions ,Orthogonally of Sine and Cosine functions (Statement only), Fourier series and Euler’s formulas Fourier cosine series and Fourier sine series (Fourier series of even and Odd functions ) Half range expansions (All results without proof)

### MODULE 4:

PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: Introduction to partial differential equations formation of PDE, Solutions of first order PDE(Linear only) Lagrange’s Method Linear PDE with constant coeffcients , Solutions of Linear Homogenous PDE with constant coeffcients , Shorter method for finding PI when g(x,y)=f(ax+by), Method of finding PI when g(x,y) = xmyn, method of find PI when g(x,y)= e ax+by V(x,y)

### MODULE 5:

ONE DMENSIONAL WAVE EQUATION: Method of separation of variables The wave Equation Vibrations of a stretched string Solutions of one dimensional wave equation using method of separation of variables and problems

### MODULE 6:

ONE DMENSIONAL HEAT EQUATION : The equation of Heat conduction One dimensional Heat transfer equation. Solutions of One Dimensional Heat transfer equation, A long insulated rod with ends at zero temperatures, A long insulated rod with ends at non zero temperatures

## Desing and Engineering

### MODULE 1:

Design and its objectives; Design constraints, Design functions, Design means and Design from; Role of Science, Engineering and Technology in design; Engineering as a business proposition; Functional and Stren th Desi s. Desi form, function and stren th; How to initiate creative designs? Initiating the thinking process for designing a product of daily use. Nee identification; Problem Statement; Market survey customer requirements; Design attributes and objectives; Ideation; Brain storming approaches; arrivin at solutions; Closin on to the Desi n needs. An Exercise in the process of design initiation. A simple problem is to be taken up to examine different solutions- Ceiling fan? Group Presentation and discussion.

### MODULE 2:

Design process- Different stages in design and their significance; Defining the design space; Analogies and ‘thinking outside of the box”; Quality functio deployment-meeting what the customer wants; Evaluation and choosin of a desi n. Design Communication; Realization of the concept into a configuration, drawing and model. Concept of “Complex is Simple”. Design for function and strength. Design detailing- Material selection, Desi visualisation- Solid modelling; Detailed 2D drawings; Tolerancing; Use of standard items in design; Research needs in design; Energy needs of the design, both in its realization and in thea lications. An exercise in the detailed design of two produc (Stapler/ door/clock)

### MODULE 3:

Prototyping- rapid prototyping; testing and evaluation of design; Design modifications; Freezing the design; Cost anal sis. Engineering the design — From prototype to product. Planning; Scheduling; Suplly chains; inventory; handling, manufacturing/construction operations; storage; List out the standards organizations.

Prepare a list of standard items used in any engineering specialization. Develop any design with over 50% standard items as parts.

### MODULE 4:

Design for “X”; covering quality, reliability, safety, manufacturing/construction, assembly, maintenance, logistics, handling; disassembly; recycling; re-engineering etc, List out the design requirements(x) for designing a rocket shell of 3 meter diameter and 8 meter length. Design mineral water bottles that could compactly for transportation. be packed

### MODULE 5:

Product centred and user centred design. Product centred attributes and user centred attributes. Bringing the two closer.

Example: Smart phone. Aesthetics and ergonomics. Value engineering, Concurrent engineering, Reverse engineering in design; Culture based design;

Architectural designs; Motifs and cultural background; Tradition and design; Study the evolution of Wet grinders; Printed motifs; Role of colours in design. Make sharp corners and change them to smooth curves- check the acceptance. Examine the possibility of value addition for an existing product.

### MODULE 6:

Modular design; Design optimization; Intelligent and autonomous products; User interfaces; communication between products; autonomous products; internet of things; human psychology and the advanced products.

Design as a marketing tool; Intellectual Property rights — Trade secret; patent; copy-right; trademarks; product liability. Group presentation of any such products covering all aspects that could make or mar it.

## Engineering Physics Lab

#### Expand Syllabus

Basics

1. Study of application of Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO) for Frequency and Amplitude  measurements. Lissajeous figures (useful for different types of polarized light.)

2. Temperature measurement — Thermocouple

3. Measurement of strain using strain gauge and Wheatstones bridge.  Waves, Oscillations and Ultrasonics

4. Wave length and velocity measurement of ultrasonic waves in a liquid using  ultrasonic diffractometer.

5. The LCR Circuit — Forced and damped harmonic oscillations.

6. Meldes string apparatus. Measurement of frequency in the transverse and  longitudinal mode.

Interference

7. Wave length measurement of a monochromatic source of light using Newton’s  Rings method.

8. Determination of refractive index of a liquid using Newton’s Rings apparatus.

9. Determination of diameter of a thin wire or thickness of a thin strip of paper using air  wedge method.

Diffraction

10. To determine the slit or pinhole width.

11. To measure wavelength using a millimeter scale as a grating.

12. Determination the wavelength of He-Ne laser or any standard laser using diffraction grating.

13. To determine the wavelength of monochromatic light using grating.

14. Determination of dispersive power and resolving power of a plane transmission grating.

Polarisation

15. Kerr Effect – To demonstrate the Kerr effect in nitrobenzene solution and to measure the light intensity as a function of voltage across the Kerr cell using photo detector.

16. To measure the light intensity of plane polarised light as a function of the analyzer position.

17. Laurent’s Half Shade Polarimeter- to observe the rotation of the plane of polarization of monochromatic light by sugar solution and hence to determine the concentration of the solution of optically active substance.

Laser & Photonics

18. To determine the speed of light in air using laser

19. Calculate the numerical aperture and study the losses that occur in optical fiber cable.

20. Determination of the particle size of lycopodium powder.

21. I-V characteristics of a solar cell

22. To measure Planck’s constant using photoelectric cell.

23. Measurement of the wavelength of a laser using grating.

## Engineering Chemistry Lab

#### Expand Syllabus

List of Exercises / Experiments (Minimum of 8 mandatory)

1. Estimation of Total Hardness — EDTA method.

2. Estimation of Iron in Iron ore.

3. Estimation of Copper in Brass

4. Estimation of dissolved oxygen by Winklers method.

5. Estimation of chloride in water.

6. Preparation of Urea formaldehyde and Phenol-formaldehyde resin.

7. Determination of Flash point and Fire point of oil by Pensky Martin Apparatus.

8. Determination of wavelength of absorption maximum and colorimetric estimation of Fe in solution.

9. Determination of molar absorptivity of a compound other than Fe

10. Analysis of IR spectra of any three organic compounds.

11. Analysis of H NMR spectra of any three organic compounds.

12. Calibration of PII meter and determination of pH of a solution.

13. Verification of Nernst equation for electrochemical cell.

14. Potentiometric titrations: acid-base and redox titrations

15. Conductivity measurements of salt solutions.

16. Flame photometric estimation of Na+ to find out the salinity in sand.

## Computer Programming

### MODULE 1:

Introduction to C Language: Preprocessor directives, header files, data types and qualifiers. Operators and expressions. Data input and output, control statements.

### MODULE 2:

Arrays and strings- example programs. Two dimensional arrays – matrix operations. Structure, union and enumerated data type.

### MODULE 3:

Pointers: Array of pointers, structures and pointers. Example programs using pointers and structures.

### MODULE 4:

Functions – function definition and function prototype. Function call by value and call by reference. Pointer to a function –. Recursive functions.

### MODULE 5:

Sorting and Searching : Bubble sort, Selection sort, Linear Search and Binary search. Scope rules Storage classes. Bit-wise operations.

### MODULE 6:

Data files – formatted, unformatted and text files. Command line arguments – examples.